Victor S. Vakhshtayn

MSSES, Moscow


The article investigates the relationship between sociological thinking and utopian imagination. Analyzing common epistemological interpretation of utopianism (utopia is determined primarily as a thought experiment on the construction of «ideal types»), author concludes on the need to reconceptualize the utopian imagination in sociology. Drawing on texts of Ralf Dahrendorf, Karl Mannheim and Niklas Luhmann author allocates specific «codes»—elements of the cognitive style of the utopian imagination, traces the differences in cognitive formulas of utopian (paradoxical) and ideological (tautological) narrative.

Keywords: utopian imagination, ideology, cognitive style, paradox, tautology, M. Weber, R. Dahrendorf, K. Mannheim, N. Luhmann